An architect is a professional who designs buildings, landscapes, and other physical structures. Architects are responsible for creating plans and blueprints for new construction projects, as well as overseeing the construction process to ensure that the building or structure is built according to the plans and meets all necessary safety and building codes. Architects must have a deep understanding of engineering, design principles, and materials science, and must be able to communicate effectively with contractors, clients, and other stakeholders involved in a construction project. Some architects specialize in particular types of buildings or structures, such as residential homes, commercial buildings, or public spaces.